Turkey poop could offer a potent alternative to coal

November 24, 2017 by  
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Turkeys don’t just offer fuel on a Thanksgiving plate. Two Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers found turkey poop could act as a potent alternative energy source – and could actually replace around 10 percent of coal utilized for electricity generation. Turkey, chicken, and other poultry poop, when treated and converted to solid biomass fuel, could offer an alternative to coal. Biomass comprises 73 percent of renewable energy production around the world, according to a press release on the work, but instead of growing crops for biomass, utilizing turkey excrement could solve two problems. The researchers said in the statement, “Environmentally safe disposal of poultry excrement has become a significant problem. Converting poultry waste to solid fuel, a less resource-intensive, renewable energy source is an environmentally superior alternative that also reduces reliance on fossil fuels .” Related: 6 Ways to Convert Poo into Power They compared turkey poop as biochar and hydrochar; the first is “produced by slow heating of the biomass at a temperature of 450 degrees Celsius in an oxygen-free furnace” and the second by “heating wet biomass to a much lower temperature of up to 250 degrees Celsius under pressure” in a process known as hydrothermal carbonization (HTC). Turkey poop processed as hydrochar seemed like the better option, offering 24 percent higher net energy generation, according to the researchers, who said, “Poultry waste hydrochar generates heat at high temperatures and combusts in a similar manner to coal, an important factor in replacing it as renewable energy source.” The researchers discovered greater temperatures during the HTC process resulted in a reduction of methane and ammonia emissions , although there were increases in carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide . But researcher Amit Gross said, “Our findings could help significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with electricity generation and agricultural waste.” The journal Applied Energy published the research online this month. Via American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Images via Andrea Reiman on Unsplash and Pixabay

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Turkey poop could offer a potent alternative to coal

Trees will grow on the balconies of Istanbuls honeycomb-like apartments

May 12, 2017 by  
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Istanbul is on track for a stunning new landmark that’ll bring rural living to the heart of the city. International architecture studio Eray Carbajo designed Urban Rural, a modular residential high-rise that aims to raise the bar for sustainable development in Turkey’s capital. The modular units will fit together into a honeycomb-like volume with a balcony filled with greenery. The design of the Urban Rural building began with an abstraction of the traditional gabled rural house and garden. The architects created a “hybrid model” that integrates those rural aspects into a hexagonal modular unit. The architects say that use of a hexagonal grid will maximize the building volume while minimizing the number of building elements needed. “One hexagon unit consists a polygonal area to inhabit and a triangular cavity to be used as an irrigable garden ,” write the architects. “When all modules combined, these triangle cavities act as a truss structure transferring the building’s loads to lower members. As a whole, Urban Rural creates interdependencies between building systems, structure, landscape and architecture. Integration of such complex systems are achieved through modular design that persevere flexibility.” Related: Spectacular green-roofed modular Tangier Bay Housing offers enviable views of the Atlantic The modular high-rise would be built of locally sourced materials . Its location in the heart of the city is walkable with access to public transit, thus reducing occupant need for cars. Social and recreational spaces on the lower floors will foster a sense of community in the building. Construction is slated for completion in 2019. + Eray Carbajo

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Trees will grow on the balconies of Istanbuls honeycomb-like apartments

12 healthy, tasty Thanksgiving recipes to inspire you

November 20, 2016 by  
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Mike Chino, Managing Editor: Pan-Seared Brussel Sprouts 1 lb Brussels sprouts, ends trimmed and cut in half 2 tbsp butter 1 tbsp oil salt and pepper to taste (I like lots of pepper and italian herbed salt) I grew up with steamed Brussels sprouts and they were awful; the watery little gooballs dissolve into mush the second you take a bite. It wasn’t until I revisited them a few years back that I realized the cruciferous mini cabbages stand up brilliantly to heat – a quick sauté in a hot skillet renders them tender and flaky with caramelized bits of char. The trick is to use a hefty pan (cast iron works wonders) and preheat it on high for 30-60 seconds until it’s scorching. Next drop in the oil, butter, salt, pepper and sprouts, stir to coat, and DON’T TOUCH them until they’ve turned golden brown (usually about 5 minutes). Once they’re seared on one side, shake up the whole pan and let it sit again to continue building up caramelized bits. Once they’re nicely browned, add 2 tablespoons of water and cover with a pot lid for 30-60 seconds – the steam produced will cook the sprouts through and leave them tender with a slight bite. Yuka Yoneda, Managing Editor at Inhabitat NYC: High Line-Themed Thanksgiving Buffet A lot of families are loyal to their favorite, time-tested Thanksgiving recipes, so there may be a lot of reluctance to try anything new. But that doesn’t mean you can’t change things up by getting creative with your presentation skills. One way to add some excitement to your T-day table is to spruce it up with an edible centerpiece like the  High Line Park-themed one we made last year  using leftover sushi boxes and chopsticks. Copy our tutorial or adapt it for a work of foodscape architecture that will blow your relatives away. See the full DIY tutorial at Inhabitat NYC > Diane Pham, Senior Editor: Linguine All’Ubriaco, a.k.a. Drunken Pasta (with mussels) I’m not a huge fan of the heavy foods that come with the holidays—I much prefer lighter fare, even if it is the time to indulge. This recipe here is one that I’ve integrated into my annual Thanksgiving dinners. I learned to make this delightful dish from an elderly Italian man while I was living in Milan years ago. It’s one of my favorite pastas to make—not only because it’s mind-blowingly good and not too heavy, but because it looks beautiful and it’s super easy to whip up! 1 lb linguine 1 boullion cube and 1/2 a bouillon cube crushed 4 large garlic cloves minced 2 tablespoons butter 1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil dried red pepper flakes, to taste 1/2 bottle of red wine (the cheap stuff works just fine) 1/4 cup chopped Italian parsley 2 lbs of fresh mussels cleaned STEP 1:  In a stock pot, bring 2 qt water and 1 bouillon cube to a boil. Add linguine to boiling water. Cook pasta 1/2 of the way (about 4-5 minutes), drain, and set aside. Be sure to save 1/2 c of the pasta water for the wine sauce. STEP 2:  In another large pot, melt butter in oil over low heat. Add garlic, crushed bouillon, and red pepper flakes to saute pan. Saute slowly until garlic is a pale blond and sizzling. STEP 3:  Add 1/2 bottle of red wine to garlic mix, then add the pasta water you set aside earlier. Turn heat up to medium and bring the liquid to a boil for 4-5 min to burn off some of the alcohol. STEP 4:  Transfer the partially cooked pasta to your saute pan, along with the parsley and mussels. Toss and stir the mixture until the mussels have opened and your pasta is al dente (about another 5 minutes). STEP 5:  Serve pasta and mussels immediately with toasted baguette Alyssa Alimurung, Operations Manager: Roasted Peaches in Bourbon Syrup with Smoked Salt I don’t cook for Thanksgiving because I usually have no idea what I’m doing half the time when I’m in the kitchen (I leave that up to my serious chef big brother!). But this is definitely a recipe I can get behind. It’s super simple and you just need fruit, liquor and salt—which, let’s all admit, we have in our pantries even though our fridges are empty. What you will need: 4 large, barely ripe peaches ½ cup water ¼ cup lightly packed brown sugar 1 cinnamon stick, broken into 3 pieces ¼ cup bourbon 1 tsp. vanilla extract 2 tbsp. unsalted butter Greek yogurt, crème fraîche, or caramel ice cream, for serving (optional) 4 two-finger pinches Maine apple-smoked salt STEP 1: Heat the oven to 425°F. Put the peaches, stem side down, in a baking dish large enough to hold the peaches without allowing them to touch one another. Poke each peach with a fork several times to keep them from bursting. STEP 2:  In a small saucepan, bring the water, sugar, and cinnamon to a boil over high heat. Remove the pan from the heat and stir in the bourbon, vanilla, and butter. Return the pan to low heat and simmer until the butter melts. Remove and discard the cinnamon pieces. Spoon the sauce over the peaches. STEP 3: Roast the peaches for 10 minutes, then remove the dish from the oven and brush the peaches with syrup from the bottom of the dish. Return the dish to the oven and roast until the peaches are just tender enough to pierce with a fork, about 25 minutes more. Let cool for at least 15 minutes before serving. Serve one peach per person, with some syrup spooned over the top. Serve with a dollop of Greek yogurt or crème fraîche or a scoop of caramel ice cream, if desired. Sprinkle a two-finger pinch of the salt over each serving. Recipe via Saveur Lori Zimmer, Art Editor: Vegan Pumpkin Mousse I can never get enough pumpkin pie. Since pumpkin is so healthy, I decided to find a crustless way to still indulge. Although the dessert is still decadent, the omission of calorie-packed crust lets me focus on the awesome vitamins and nutrients in pumpkin, rather than the calories. What you will need: 1 15-oz. can pumpkin puree 1/2 block soft/silken tofu (8 oz.), drained 1 Tbsp. grade A Dark Amber maple syrup 1 1/2 Tbsp. light brown sugar 1/2 tsp. vanilla extract 1 1/2 tsp. ground cinnamon 3/4 tsp. ground allspice 3/4 tsp. ground nutmeg 1/2 tsp. ground cloves 1 tsp. ground ginger pinch of salt STEP 1: Combine tofu and pumpkin puree in a food processor; process until smooth STEP 2: Add maple syrup and brown sugar, and spices. Process again STEP 3:  Taste, and feel free to adjust sweet/spice STEP 4:  Allow to set in the fridge for at least 30 minutes Jennie Lyon, Contributing Writer:  Organic Miniature Pumpkin Cheesecake Cupcakes I really love this recipe because it is the perfect dessert to make with my son during the holidays. It’s also a small portion which makes it easier to not over indulge! What you will need: For the crust: 10 organic gingersnaps 1 organic graham cracker 1 1/2 tbsp. melted organic butter 1 1/2 tsp. organic brown sugar pinch of salt For the filling: 8 ounce organic cream cheese 1/2 c. organic pumpkin puree 1/4 c. plus 3 tbsp. organic sugar 1 organic egg 2 tsp. organic cream 1/2 tsp. organic vanilla 1/4 tsp. organic cinnamon 1/4 tsp. organic allspice 1/8 tsp. organic nutmeg For the topping: Your favorite organic whipped topping or organic vanilla ice cream Preheat your oven to 350°F and add cupcake liners to six muffin holes of a tin. Add all of the crust ingredient except the butter to your food processor and pulse gently until you have thick crumbs. Pour the melted butter over the top and gently mix together. Carefully spoon equal amounts of your crumb crust to each of the cupcake liners and gently press down with your fingers. Bake the crust for 10 minutes. While the crust is baking, add the cream cheese, sugar and pumpkin puree to your stand mixer and mix well. (You can also use a hand mixer). Then, add the spices, vanilla, egg and cream and mix until combined. Pour equal amounts of filling on top of each of the baked crumb, bake in the oven for 25 minutes. Remove the cheesecakes from the oven and allow them to cool for 30 minutes before removing the cupcake liners. These little cheesecakes are perfect for any day or great for the kiddos on Thanksgiving since they are so small. You can serve with your favorite whipped topping or with organic vanilla ice cream! Helen Morgan, Contributing Writer: Vegan Pumpkin Pie There are few traditional festive treats I like better than a good pumpkin pie, and this vegan recipe is particularly delicious. Its primary ingredient is obviously the ever-versatile pumpkin, but it also includes cashews to replace eggs and butter, which adds a nice nutty flavor. It’s quick and easy and perfect for pumpkin fans everywhere, including those not celebrating Thanksgiving! Soak 1 ¼ cup of raw cashews in 2 ½ cups water, with 1 tsp salt, and soak for 12-18 hours. Once soaked, preheat oven to 400 degrees. Drain the water from the soaked cashews and blend with food processor. Add one can of organic pumpkin puree, 1 cup maple syrup, and 2 tsp pumpkin pie spice to food processor and blend until smooth, adding salt to taste. Pour mixture into pre-made vegan pie shell and bake for 15 minutes at 400 degrees, then 35 minutes at 350 degrees. Cool and serve! Kevin Lee, Contributing Writer: Classic Thanksgiving Turkey Making a thanksgiving turkey can be complicated between brining, basting, stuffing, smoking, frying, and even more complexities. If you just want a bird that’s easy, brown, and delicious, this has always been my go to recipe. It doesn’t require any brining, flipping, or even any seasoning because the salt pork just drips all the fat and salt you need to keep the turkey moist. 1 cheesecloth 4 cups cold water 1 turkey, 12 to 14-pounds 1 pound salt pork , cut into 1/4-inch-thick slices STEP 1:  Prep the oven racks and temperature for 350 degrees Fahrenheit STEP 2:  Arrange the turkey breast side up on a roasting pan and tuck the wings behind the turkey STEP 3:  Using a fork, prick the skin with holes all over the breast meat and legs STEP 4:  Cut the salt pork into strips and lay them over the turkey STEP 5:  Soak the cheesecloth with four cups of water and place the dripping wet sheet over the turkey and finally a layer of tin foil STEP 6:  Place the turkey in the oven and roast for 2.5 to three hours or until the breast meat registers 140 degrees Fahrenheit STEP 7:  Remove the turkey from the oven and increase the oven temperature to 425 degrees Fahrenheit STEP 8:  Remove and discard the aluminum foil, cheesecloth, and salt pork before returning the turkey to the oven STEP 9:  Continue to roast the turkey until the breast meat registers 165 degrees Fahrenheit and 175 degrees Fahrenheit STEP 10:  Transfer turkey to carving board and let it rest 30 minutes Ana Lisa Alperovich, Contributing Writer: Vegan Chia Seed & Banana Power Breakfast Over the past year I have been consciously trying to include more raw vegetables, fruits, flowers, seeds and roots into my diet. My life as a freelance writer is a bit unorganized, but every Wednesday I make sure I go to El Galpón, in Buenos Aires , to get my ´prana´ / ´qi´ / ‘life force’. Three lovely ladies sell locally produce, seasonal, amazing stuff that is also organic — without the need of certification. I love experimenting with food and taking photos , so working for Inhabitots  have given me the perfect excuse to look more after myself and share some recipes with the world. Here is a great vegan chia seed and banana power breakfast to start your Thanksgiving day with plenty of energy! Get the recipe at Inhabitots > Kristin Lofgren, Contributing Writer: Pumpkin Pie Brulee Thanksgiving is the day for indulgence and what is more indulgent than combining two of the best desserts out there: pumpkin pie and creme brulee. The pie filling is a tad creamier than traditional pumpkin pie and the crackly layer on top makes each bite a sensual experience. I use pumpkins from my garden, but the canned stuff works just as well and saves a lot of time! Get the recipe at Epicurious > Tamsin Woolley-Barker, Contributing Writer: Stuffing My favorite recipe is my mom’s stuffing. I asked her how she makes it. ” I don’t have a recipe,” she said. ” I just throw things together. Stale bread, onions, celery, sage, pepper and salt.  Butter and stock to bind it all together. That’s how’s Mother made it.” Beth Buczynski, Contributing Writer: Garlic Cauliflower “Mashed Potatoes” This will be my first holiday as a paleo eater (2 months and counting!). I’ve had so many positive health benefits (20 pounds lost and clear skin!) from changing my diet this way, but all the grains and starches that usually accompany the holiday meal can be daunting. This recipe is paleo-friendly, delivers the same silky smooth texture as the mash potatoes we’re used to, and most importantly IS DELICIOUS! Get the recipe at Nom Nom Paleo >

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12 healthy, tasty Thanksgiving recipes to inspire you

Light renovation of historic Istanbul library better preserves rare treasures

August 8, 2016 by  
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As one of the oldest of its kind in Istanbul, the Beyaz?t State Library sits on a vibrant city square close to to Beyaz?t Mosque built by Sultan Beyaz?t II and completed in 1506. The building was originally used as a soup kitchen and caravanserai-a roadside inn-of a larger complex that included a primary school, a hospital, a madrasa or religious school and a hammam (or public bath). The library was founded in 1884 and occupied a part of the the Kulliyah of the Beyaz?t Mosque- the oldest surviving imperial mosque in the city- built by Sultan Beyaz?t II and completed in 1506. Related: Microlibrary built with 2,000 recycled ice cream buckets tackles illiteracy in Indonesia The restoration involved a reorganization of the interior and restoration of the building envelope . The architects also added a small extension, installed a transparent, inflatable membrane that covers the courtyard. Valuable manuscripts were placed in black glass boxes that contrast the rest of the interior. The second floor houses a collection of Turkish publications: periodicals are on the first floor, while rare books and publications from the Ottoman era are exhibited on the ground floor. + Tabanlioglu Architects Via Fubiz Photos by Emre Dörter

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Light renovation of historic Istanbul library better preserves rare treasures

A look into a Turkey sweatshops use of Syrian child labor to make ISIS uniforms

June 12, 2016 by  
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Syrian refugee children are working 12-hour shifts for a little over a dollar per hour to make ISIS uniforms in a Turkey sweatshop, according to The Daily Mail . The children, reportedly sent by their parents, work in a shop that makes uniforms, backpacks, and other military gear for the Syrian market. While the factory owner Abu Zakour concedes that school would be a better place for the children, he says the parents want their children to work. Complicating the issue is the language barrier and other social barriers that dissuade Syrian children from attending Turkish public schools.

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A look into a Turkey sweatshops use of Syrian child labor to make ISIS uniforms

Turkey presents a huge ship made from 4 tons of reused materials in Venice

June 2, 2016 by  
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The large ship measures 30 meters (98 feet) and weighs four tons. It was built from more than 500 pieces of reused materials , including seven kilometers (4.6 miles) of steel cable, wooden moulds, discarded furniture , signboards and boats found on site. Related: Slovenia built a habitable structure with latticed wooden bookshelves The design, curated by Feride Çiçeko?lu, Mehmet Kütükçüo?lu and Ertu? Uçar, focuses on the concept of borders and ways in which these can be dissolved and transformed. After the Biennale closes next November, the structure will travel back to Istanbul, where it will become a centerpiece of a museum of arsenal. Via urdesign Photos by Cemal Emden

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Turkey presents a huge ship made from 4 tons of reused materials in Venice

Green Gokceada School Campus in Turkey will double as a community space that is open 24-hours a day

March 2, 2016 by  
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Green Gokceada School Campus in Turkey will double as a community space that is open 24-hours a day

Turkey’s first certified Passive House saves over 90% in energy use

February 15, 2016 by  
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AECOM’s tulip-shaped design selected for Istanbul’s new Air Traffic Control tower

January 6, 2016 by  
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iGA, a consortium of five Turkish contractors, selected AECOM and Italian firm Pininfarina to design Istanbul’s new Air Traffic Control (ATC) tower and technical facility. The design combines the aesthetic properties and dynamics of the aviation and automotive industries, reflecting speed and movement through its architectural form. The winning entry was chosen from six entries of famous firms, including Zaha Hadid Architects, RMJM and Moshe Safdie. Read the rest of AECOM’s tulip-shaped design selected for Istanbul’s new Air Traffic Control tower

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ONS Incek’s apartment showroom in Turkey is wrapped in colorful glass panels

October 29, 2015 by  
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