New purification facility will take water from toilet to tap

May 20, 2022 by  
Filed under Eco, Green, Recycle

Most people don’t like to think about flushing the toilet and having that same water come out of the tap. But as the California megadrought grinds on, Governor Gavin Newsom has become very enthusiastic about a new plan to render sewage water drinkable. “There’ll have never been a project like this in US history,” Gavin said during a tour of a water plant in Carson, California earlier this week. “This is a profoundly important project for the state’s future. A lot of components of this are well established and utilized, and now we’re just bringing it all together.” Related: Craft beer waste saves Montana town $1M for wastewater treatment Indeed, the Joint Water Pollution Control Plant, run by the Los Angeles County Sanitation District, already treats sewage to the point where it can be safely released into the Pacific Ocean. For another $3.4 billion, a proposed wastewater recycling facility could produce up to 150 million gallons of drinking water daily. The process is called “advanced purification” and uses microorganisms and membrane bioreactors to filter the sewage water. Then a reverse osmosis process removes 99% of the water’s impurities. A third step involves powerful ultraviolet light to zap any lingering viruses or chemicals. Note to self: Don’t try this at home. So far, the Carson plant has a pilot version of the advanced purification process on display. The goal is to scale up the model and replicate it all over California. Proponents are excited about a drought-proof supply of drinking water. Because as long as you have humans, you’ll have—well, you know . Folks in the construction industry have dollar signs in their eyes. A massive build out of wastewater treatment facilities would generate huge amounts of jobs, economic output, state and local taxes. What’s not to love about this plan? Newsom said this is the most consecutive dry years California has experienced since 800 AD. Water restrictions already dictate when people can water their yards and prohibit OCD Angelenos from washing sidewalks. “We’ll get through this year,” Newsom said. “But it’s going to require us to do things a little bit differently, to be a little bit more creative.” Via Metro UK , Daily Breeze Lead image via Pexels

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New purification facility will take water from toilet to tap

This water dispenser uses smart technology for a clean drink

May 20, 2022 by  
Filed under Business, Green

Innovative solutions are essential for removing petroleum-based plastics from our daily life. Bevi, a bubbly, bottleless water dispenser for offices and commercial spaces, is dedicated to offering a variety of drink options, sans the plastic bottle.  Bevi currently has two models of water dispensers. The Standup 2.0 is a floor model much like the size and shape of a traditional water cooler. However, Bevi goes sustainable by tapping into the existing water supply. Then it adds technology with WiFi driven smart features. Users can choose from bubbly or plain water, add caffeine or electrolytes and create flavor combinations with each serving. The Bevi Standup 2.0 also dispenses ambient or hot water. The screen displays nutritional information such as the amount of sugar, caffeine and calories in your selection. The countertop model offers a streamlined selection of the same options, but takes up less space.  Related: FreeWater is the startup connecting people to free, clean water Bevi beverages are flavored naturally with no artificial sweeteners or flavors. Instead, it relies on fruit extracts. All flavors are vegan, kosher certified without sodium, gluten and GMOs .  The company reported each machine replaces 30,000 beverage bottles and cans. Companies around the country are seeing the potential for cost savings as well as convenience in not having to purchase and restock individual cans. Bevi works with notably large employers such as Lyft, Microsoft and Netflix to shift away from plastic waste .  Bevi also hopes to educate and support businesses who are re-evaluating their carbon footprints. They want to make it easy for these companies to prioritize sustainable decisions. Along with providing high quality filtered, sparkling and naturally-flavored water Bevi is on a mission to eliminate single-use plastic forever. In its own office, Bevi employees take the environmentally -conscious walk from office composting to community clean up projects and donation drives. + Bevi  Images via Bevi

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This water dispenser uses smart technology for a clean drink

Modern home in Ukraine merges residence and art gallery

May 20, 2022 by  
Filed under Green

The Residence in the Garden of Rocks is located in the southern suburb of Kyiv, Ukraine along the canal. The client wanted the house to suit his family’s needs while showcasing his collection of modern sculptures. The owner had already constructed the house’s shell when he asked the team at Palamarchuk Architects to assist with the design. He had also begun work on the landscaping and dotted the garden with various stone plinths to feature his sculptures . The architects worked on transforming the pre-existing spaces into a modern home. Since the house did not meet local energy-saving requirements, the team revamped it with a compound system of 20 centimeters stone wool insulation, heat pumps and solar collectors that saves energy and maintains comfortable temperatures. Related: This modern home built to house a renowned art collection is a work of art in itself Meanwhile, the residence comprises of a two-story volume. The ground level rests on a grassy plain while the basement nestles into an artificial hill. This allows for a separate entrance to the art gallery located in the basement, distinguishing the living spaces above and the display area below. Interior spaces are laid out along a north-south axis. The living room is at the heart of the house and bridges the other interior spaces. These include the bedrooms to the north and the shared spaces to the south, including the gym, sauna and swimming pool. Similarly, the perimeter walkways unify the interior spaces and exterior terraces. For example, the loggia on the main façade connects the street-facing terrace and the indoor pool . Its vertical louvers allow for views out and sunlight in, and prevents passersby from looking in. Sensory details, especially visual and tactile ones, are a key feature of the home. The living room has a large window that faces the west terrace, providing a beautiful sunset view. The bedrooms bring in diffused sunlight and have views to the nearby park and canal. With regard to tactile details, the design incorporates richly textured materials . Though the building is a simple brick and concrete structure, the ground floor is clad in coarse pine shingles from the Carpathian mountain range, while the basement level is studded with dark stone. + Palamarchuk Architects Photography by Andrey Avdeenko

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Protect bees this World Bee Day on May 20

May 19, 2022 by  
Filed under Eco, Green

Where possible and within reason, adopt a more tolerant attitude to feral bee colonies in buildings, and of hived bee colonies in ones neighborhood. If we want bees, we need to make space for them.- Dr. David Heaf, The Bee-friendly Beekeeper A world without bees would be void of flowers and food. In fact, it would be void of all living things. Bees are essential to the ecosystem and a crucial component of our food supply . There’s no denying the buzzing busy bees deserve at least one annual day of recognition for all they do, so mark your calendar for May 20 and join in the celebration. Related: Dog toy and treats from Project Hive help save bees   Why are bees important? There are around 20,000 kinds of bees in the world, and many of them get a bad rep as pests or stinging predators. But bees are a vital contributor to pollination. Effective pollination increases the amount and quality of crops, plus improves plants’ resistance to pests . Flowers rely on bees and other pollinators to do the job they can’t always do themselves — spread the seed from one plant to another. If you’re not familiar with the process, bees pick up pollen from the male part of one flower. They then transfer that pollen onto the female part of another flower, resulting in reproduction. This allows plants to produce fruits and seeds.  Simply put, without bees, this essential link in the food chain would leave a void that would starve out plants. Next to go would be all the animals who rely on plants, including humans. In short, bees are directly responsible for one-third of the world’s food. Then, of course, there is the added benefit of honey, produced by the darling of the bee world: honey bees. Because of their importance in the production of food , bees are also an essential part of the economy, providing support for farmers small and large around the globe. “According to the estimates of the international study conducted in 2016 by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, the annual global production of food that depends directly on pollination was worth between $235 and $577 billion,” according to WorldBeeDay.org. Did you know? Honey is the only insect-produced food that humans eat.  A honey bee visits 50 to 100 flowers every time it heads out to collect nectar.  Bees maintain a constant temperature of 92 to 93 degrees Fahrenheit in their central brood nest, regardless of what the outside temps are. Bees have five eyes. They can fly at speeds of 15 to 20 miles per hour. The buzzing sound bees make is caused by the rapid flapping of wings — an unimaginable rate of over 11,000 times per minute. Only female bees sting.  Why are bees in danger? In recent years, scientists noted an alarming decrease in the number of bees. Annual counts showed a reduction of up to 30% year over year. While much of the conversation is on honey bees , dozens of bee species are in decline around the world. Extensive research has uncovered some primary causes for the decline as well as factors scientists expect to create continued trouble for bees. Climate change is a factor for bees, as it is for the rest of the plants and animals in the ecosystem. The loss of habitat is also affecting the bees. The introduction of non-native plant species, especially invasive plants , is another big problem. Similar to the issues wild fish endure with the release of hatchery-growth fish, native bees are being introduced to diseases from commercially-managed bees and the practice changes the natural diversity of the bee population. Perhaps the most notable issue, however, is the use of pesticides with bees directly ingesting the toxins.   How you can help the bees As mentioned, bees are great for the food supply as a whole, but they’re also wonderful backyard companions. They provide pollination for wild and domestic plants like fruit trees, berry bushes and the vegetable garden. So what you do in your own yard can benefit you at a hyper-local level, a.k.a. your own garden.  To help the bees, always plant native plants. You can find them online, in a local nursery or through the county extension office. You can also take cuttings from wilderness areas or from members of the community . Be sure to emphasize nectar-bearing flowering plants for the bees to enjoy. Preserve the blooms as long as possible by postponing mowing meadows and other areas with flowering plants until after the blooms have died off.  Another way to draw in the benefits bees provide is to create a cozy home for them. You can buy or make bee houses or even take up beekeeping with hives. For a fun and decorative touch, check out Mason bee houses.  Since pesticides are a significant concern, help the bees by committing to only buying organic foods . Additionally, find alternatives to bee-harming pesticides in your own yard.  Finally, support the beekeeping industry by buying local honey and other hive products such as wax, pollen, royal jelly, propolis and venom.  This year, salute bees by sharing information with others and doing something good for our buzzing buddies. Happy World Bee Day!  Via World Bee Day Images via Pexels

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Protect bees this World Bee Day on May 20

Meet Dos Rios Ranch, California’s newest state park

May 18, 2022 by  
Filed under Green

If all goes well, California’s newest state park will be open and accessible to visitors within a year. The 2,500-acre Dos Rios Ranch is at the confluence of the Tuolumne and San Joaquin rivers, about ten miles southwest of Modesto in California’s Central Valley. First, archeologists will do a survey to make sure that no Native American sites are disturbed. Then, planners will work on park infrastructure. California Governor Gavin Newsom earmarked $5 million for the new park in his state budget proposal. Related: Magic Johnson Park is the first off-leash dog park in South LA “We are really excited to be evaluating this preserve as the next state park,” said State Parks Director Armando Quintero, as reported in the LA Times. “We strongly believe that everyone deserves to have close-to-home access to vibrant parks. In a way, it is a walk back in time to a gentle valley. It is one of those places where people will visit and say, ‘Oh, my goodness, this is where I live.’ That’s my hope.” Dos Rios is right on the Pacific Flyway, so migrating birds depend on it. Conservation groups such as River Partners participated in California’s largest public-private floodplain restoration project here. Eleven funding sources provided the $40 million necessary to restore the habitat for endangered and threatened species. Birds and animals that visitors might see at Dos Rios include Aleutian cackling geese, brush rabbits, riparian woodrats, sandhill cranes, and neo-tropical migratory songbirds. Volunteers have been vital to habitat restoration and water quality monitoring. Local science students have used Dos Rios as a living outdoor laboratory. Now, with added protection, even more people will be able to learn about the riparian environment and enjoy some outdoor time. Big Basins Redwoods State Park, established in 1902, is California’s oldest state park. The state was aggressive in preserving land for state parks in the late 1900s, but land acquisition slowed down in the last decade. Fort Ord Dunes State Park, which runs along the Monterey Bay and was established in 2009, was the most recently acquired state park before Dos Rios. Via LA Times , Tuolumne River Trust Lead image via Pexels

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Meet Dos Rios Ranch, California’s newest state park

Japan’s first carbon capture and storage facility to be live by 2030

May 18, 2022 by  
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Japanese oil refiner Eneos Holdings has partnered with utility J-Power to set up Japan’s first Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) facility. The facility is expected to begin operations at the end of the decade, helping giant firms to cut down their carbon emissions . A site is targeted in western Japan with designs beginning next year and final financial investment decisions in 2026. The announcement comes at a time when the Japanese government is working on putting up structures for CCUS in the country. The government has pledged to have a  legal framework  for CCUS in place by 2030, allowing corporations to store the carbon they generate. The framework will also be instrumental in guiding the standards for the storage and usage of CO2 . Related: Masdar and Oil Companies to Develop Middle East’s First Commercial-Scale Carbon Capture and Storage Project CCUS is a technique vastly used by other countries that are leading the way towards decarbonization. Through this process, significant quantities of CO2 released through the industrial process can be captured and stored under the sea and through other avenues. The Japanese government says that this approach will help meet its net-zero objective by 2050. According to Japan’s Industry Ministry, the country will store 120 to 240 million tons of CO2 in the year 2050 and CCUS will play a critical role in the matter. Besides carbon capture and storage, the country has a program that targets capturing carbon from the atmosphere. Through the  Direct Air Capture , Japan will be able to extract CO2 from the atmosphere, further helping reduce carbon pollution . There has been continued growth in the global CCUS market over the past few years, with expectations that it will reach $120 billion by 2050. Even so, Japan has been left far behind by other developed countries such as the United States. Oil companies in the US have already adopted an efficient way of capturing carbon and pumping it into existing underground oil reservoirs . Japan’s announcements come almost a decade since the UAE started the same process. As a result, they are able to pump out the oil while at the same time capturing carbon. Via Nature World News , Nikkei Asia Lead image via Pexels

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10 Asian American and Pacific Islander businesses to support

May 18, 2022 by  
Filed under Business, Eco, Green, Recycle

With May being Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) Heritage Month, we specifically want to shed light on businesses owned and operated by members from the Asian American, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities. One opportunity to lift up hard-hit AAPI businesses is to show support with your purchasing dollars. Celebrate the rich history and modern contributions the AAPI community added to the American story by seeking out AAPI-created products. Aerangis Candles These luxury candles are ready to pamper you and the planet with custom-made scents created to match a recipe in your mind. The personalized service works one-on-one with you to recreate special memories through scent. Each candle is also housed in handcrafted ceramic jars. Aerangis Candles are cruelty-free, non-toxic, plant-based and made with natural fragrances. Related: Sustainable Black-owned businesses to buy from this holiday “My obsession with scent began when I was nine in my grandfather’s greenhouse, where he cultivated dozens of rare orchids,” said Founder Alicia Tsai. “I spent many afternoons by his side, learning how to care for those orchids. To reward me for my interest, he gave me one of my own: an aerangis orchid with star-shaped flowers that released a beautiful scent every night during its bloom.” Nguyen Coffee Supply First-generation Vietnamese-American Founder Sahra Nguyen started Nguyen Coffee Supply with the goal of correcting misconceptions about the inferior quality of Vietnamese coffee . Nguyen partnered with Mr. Ton, a Vietnamese fourth-generation farmer producing organic, green coffee beans at his family farm. The company offers specialty arabica and robusta blends that have been recognized in a myriad of major publications. Additionally, the company relies on direct-trade. They are also woman-owned and operated, and is committed to sustainable action throughout the growing, transport and roasting process.  Yobo Soju Yobo Soju stands as a primary example of Asian influence on American culture. Korean Founder Carolyn Kim identifies closely with that combination and said, “Our aim is to represent the ever-evolving modern Korean American identity. We aim to break new ground in soju by creating a range of highly innovative products that prioritize quality and taste above all.” As a result, the bespoke spirit is blended from sustainable, locally-sourced rice and grapes . It is a divergence from the traditional style of soju ubiquitous in Korea. The company is also dedicated to eco-friendly distillation processes. They showed their support of restaurants and food service workers by donating all profits for the first two months of 2021 to COVID-19 affected businesses. Huppy Huppy tablets are completely plastic free and made with natural ingredients. For the month of May, Asian American Cofounders David Phan and Cathy Tran are donating 5% of proceeds to AAPI Women Lead. The company is also committed to directing 2% of revenue towards sustainability initiatives. Linjer The focus of Linjer is affordable and high quality accessories that treat people and the planet kindly. Hong Kong Founders Jenn and Roman Khan rely on eco-friendly materials like recycled gold and lab grown diamonds that will offer a long lifespan. The company contributes to carbon offset projects via CarbonFund to balance out carbon-neutral shipping.  Blueland Blueland was founded when CEO and Cofounder Sarah became a mom. With that, she became frustrated by the options for cleaning supplies that were natural and earth friendly. Wanting to create a better future for her kids, she began creating products like window cleaner, lotion and toothpaste that are housed in reusable packaging. Furthermore, Blueland packaging is all recyclable , compostable or both. Blueland is climate neutral certified and has achieved B Corp status.  Loyale All linens through Loyale are produced by a handful of skilled artisans before being packaged in plastic-free, eco-paper goods. Along the way, they recycle or donate all fabric waste. Loyale believes environmentally-friendly linens is the perfect way to convert people away from wasteful paper towel usage towards a sustainable, waste-free option.  Rooted With origins in lush Hawaii and California, the founders at Rooted deeply missed the greenery of home when they moved to New York. They began Rooted to connect people with nature through plants . With the understanding that plants hold the power to improve health and happiness, the company aims to provide full-circle buying options and ongoing support following plant purchases. Plants are grown in a greenhouse. Then, they are shipped free to customers, along with educational information to aid in successful care within your home.  Esse Clothing is essential, but it should also bring joy without harming the planet. This is the premise behind Esse, a womenswear company founded by Singapore-raised Alicia Tsi. Now based in New Zealand, Alicia’s mission is to create simple designs that are long-lasting and made with attention to organic and natural materials .  Avre Avre shoewear company is owned by Taiwanese sisters Julie Kuo and Connie Kuo. It was created to address the plastic crisis by using recycled plastic bottles in every pair of shoes. Innovative technology also reduces cutoff waste through computerized precision that nearly eliminates scraps. Images via Pexels

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10 Asian American and Pacific Islander businesses to support

NASA contracts Canoo to design new EV for Artemis astronauts

May 18, 2022 by  
Filed under Eco, Green

After a competitive process, NASA chose Canoo to design an electric vehicle to transport its Artemis astronauts to the launchpad on their next mission. It’s a short drive compared to reaching the moon, but the specialized vehicle needs to be able to carry fully-equipped astronauts, support staff and gear to the launch site. “We are honored to transport the Artemis crew to the launch site for the first human lunar landing in more than 50 years. The selection of our innovative technologies by NASA to take a diverse team of American astronauts to the moon showcases a great commitment to sustainable transportation,” said Canoo Investor, Chairman and CEO Tony Aquila. Related: Fresco XL rivals Tesla as an all-purpose electric vehicle Canoo was chosen because the company’s customizable vehicles are modular and upgradable throughout their lifecycle. Basically, it means flexible-use applications. Additionally, Canoo vehicles have a high level of recyclability at the end of its life. They’re made in the U.S. by teams working from California , Michigan, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas. Furthermore, the new Crew Transportation Vehicle will be based on Canoo’s LV model — an all-electric vehicle designed from the ground up. It will include Canoo’s proprietary multipurpose platform to maximize cabin space, utility and productivity on a compact footprint.  While the contract from NASA is just for one vehicle, it speaks to potential future plans to partner with EV makers on vehicle designs for unique applications. Canoo filed more than 160 patents across all major components for their unique electric vehicles . They are designed in a way similar to space rovers. There are equipped with fully redundant parts and systems, created with secure proprietary software that utilizes over-the-air updates. Meanwhile, serviceability and upgradability help reduce lifetime cost and materials waste from vehicles. Canoo reduced part counts and focused on making parts repairable whenever possible by using a modular approach to design . This makes the vehicles cheaper to fix, more efficient, durable and eco-friendly across their lifetime, not to mention easier to use for organizations such as NASA. Canoo will launch commercial production of its vehicles from its Arkansas factory in late 2022, and deliver on the NASA Artemis vehicle in 2023. Artemis will land the first woman and person of color on the moon and provide learning opportunities for future missions. This mission, the first time humans have landed on the moon in over 50 years, will establish?the first long-term human and robotic presence on?and around?the lunar surface and lay the groundwork for future crew visits to Mars .  + Canoo Images via Canoo

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NASA contracts Canoo to design new EV for Artemis astronauts

Partners Coffee makes great brew through sustainable actions

May 18, 2022 by  
Filed under Business, Eco, Green

It started with a dual passion for great coffee and protecting the environment . Over 10 years later, it’s a local establishment and growing mail order coffee roaster. New products are released regularly to keep the palette curious and content.  Partners Coffee Roasters is proudly based out of New York , but built its brand on the relationship with coffee farmers around the world. In addition, the company thinks it’s critical to find “partners” in its producers, baristas, roasters, fellow small businesses and customers.  Related: Get freshly-roasted coffee delivered to your home “Partners Coffee is built on the strength of our relationships at origin,” the company said. “We source coffee from all over the world from people we know and trust.” The result is a business that supports coffee growing communities around the world and, in return, “has become synonymous with high quality, sustainably-sourced, accessible specialty coffee.”  Partners Coffee is committed to sourcing sustainably grown beans in a way that supports the farmers who grow them. They buy from the same producers year after year to ensure a quality product and stable supply chain. Partner maintains certain requirements for the growing methods and only works with growers who share its vision. This means practices such as natural fertilization and maintaining clean, primarily organic farms. They put a priority on traditional agricultural techniques and processing methods, including drying and milling practices.  Knowing what to expect from the raw materials creates the foundation for roasting success. With this in mind, Green Buyer Samuel Klein travels for three months of the year to multiple coffee growing regions in Colombia, Brazil, Ethiopia, Honduras, Peru and more, to cultivate those relationships and expand offerings.  Once the beans are received at home base in Brooklyn , each batch of craft coffee is roasted by hand in small batches. Each batch is then put through a rigorous experimentation and testing to ensure it meets the Partners Coffee standards. Furthermore, community is at the heart of Partners Coffee, both locally and abroad. They are involved in a variety of community projects in conjunction with producers in other countries. There are also supporting campaigns within New York, including those that make improvements to housing, schooling and other facilities that benefit future generations.  They often invest in the local community through donations and work with nonprofit organizations. One example is SeedCo , which provides work and life skills to youth. They also hire from employment organizations such as America Works, which creates work opportunities for veterans. The dedication to sustainable practices is seen in the product packaging too. At a retail level, bags are sourced from a zero- waste manufacturing chain. Then, they are collected at retail stores and repurposed into a landscaping material.    Partners Coffee offers a variety of coffees, ranging from light to dark roasts. They recently released a cold-brew option (see review below) and also produces Partners Premium Teas , which are custom blended. It includes Moroccan mint, lemon ginger, Partners Breakfast and caffeine-free apple cider, all of which are packaged in biodegradable sachets. Review of Rockaway Cold Brew I love coffee. I take it black so there’s no disguising the flavor of the brew. Partners offered to send me coffee to sample, which I enthusiastically agreed. My shipment arrived quickly and was packed in plastic-free and recyclable packaging.  The package included a bag of the Rockaway Cold Brew. For a bit of background, I’ve dabbled in cold brew at the local drive through, but never invested in the process at home (unless you count allowing my morning coffee to get cold, even after repeated reheats).  Anyway, this product is great. It’s ultra-easy to use. The bag comes with four pre-filled and portioned pouches of pre-ground coffee. Simply drop the pouch in a pitcher, glass jar or thermos, add 24 ounces of water (three cups) and let it sit for 24 hours. We left ours in the fridge.  Several family members with varying tastes tested it out after 24 hours and again after 48 hours. I was impressed with the balanced flavor. I like my coffee very dark and found it to have the richness I would expect. Others may want to water it down a bit. The young adults in the house added their favorite creams, sugars and syrups and reported it matched the quality of the kind they buy at the local coffee cart. I didn’t do the math, but the company reports, “Each pouch makes 22-ounces of smooth, rich and classic cold brew concentrate (with four pouches total, that’s less than eight cents a cup )!”  Overall, Rockaway Cold Brew by Partners Coffee is extremely convenient with a great taste. It’s also a great feeling knowing the company is dedicated to ethical and sustainable production practices. I look forward to afternoon iced-brew pickups if summer ever arrives in my area. + Partners Coffee Images via Partners Coffee Editor’s Note: This product review is not sponsored by Partners Coffee. All opinions on the products and company are the author’s own.

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Partners Coffee makes great brew through sustainable actions

Tonga volcanic eruption largest explosion in modern history

May 17, 2022 by  
Filed under Eco, Green

The  January volcanic eruption  near the Pacific island of Tonga has been confirmed as the biggest eruption ever recorded by modern instruments. Its explosion also surpassed any atomic bomb tests conducted after World War II. The assessment came in a pair of scientific papers published in the  journal Science.  According to the researchers behind the papers, only the Krakatoa eruption of 1883 comes close to the Tonga explosion, caused by the underwater volcano Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha?apai. The Krakatoa event is one of the most catastrophic events recorded in recent history, claiming more than 30,000 lives. Although the Tonga explosion was the biggest explosion in recent history, it did not lead to such casualties. Related: Casa Eterea offers off-grid lodging on an extinct volcano “Tonga was a truly global event, just as Krakatoa was, but we’ve now got all these geophysical observation systems and they recorded something that was really unprecedented in the modern data,” Dr. Robin Matoza, from the University of California, Santa Barbara, told BBC News.  Matoza, who is the lead author of one of the papers, explains that the occurrence of the Tonga explosion caused huge tsunamis , but did not cause serious casualties due to energy distribution. Some of the energy from the explosion was contained in ocean waves. Thanks to advanced technology, the detection and measurement of volcanic explosions have become much easier. Today, scientists have access to plenty of advanced instruments used in monitoring such events. They also use a fleet of satellites that monitor the earth. The tools available can track atmospheric pressure, seismic force, and even hydrophones. The Tonga explosion only came at the end of weeks of monitoring where several types of atmospheric pressure and sea waves had been detected. The explosion was anticipated, with its warnings reaching distances as far as 10,000 km from the point of eruption. The Tonga explosion produced an atmospheric pressure wave only comparable to the  Tsar bomb  detonated by the Soviets in 1961. However, the size of the explosion was bigger and the pressure lasted four times longer.  Via USA Today , BBC News Lead image via Pexels

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Tonga volcanic eruption largest explosion in modern history

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