New Ebola outbreak strikes the Democratic Republic of the Congo

May 9, 2018 by  
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The deadly virus Ebola has returned to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). A new outbreak of Ebola stuck the northwest town of Bikoro with 21 suspected cases of the virus. Out of five samples sent to the DRC’s National Institute of Biomedical Research (INRB) , only two were positive for Ebola. In 1976, the first case of Ebola was documented in the DRC, and there has been nine outbreaks of the virus since then. The unprecedented Ebola outbreak in West Africa from 2014 to 2016 infected 28,000, killed 11,000 and shocked the world. However, the virus ‘s latest reemergence in the DRC is no reason to panic. Previous outbreaks in the DRC have been contained thanks in part to the country’s vast, largely inaccessible land area, which inhibits travel and trade between towns. The DRC’s last Ebola outbreak occurred in the village of Likati in 2017, however the virus was contained within forty-two days. Related: Ebola mutated to become even deadlier during recent outbreak Led by Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum, the first scientist to document Ebola, the INRB is experienced in responding to Ebola outbreaks. “We’re advanced in public health ,” an epidemiologist at the INRB told the Atlantic . “If you compare us with Europe or the U.S., eh, but here in Africa, we are high. We have experience.” Early monitoring and reporting is key to success. “We have a surveillance system that works,” Kinshasa School of Public Health leader Emile Okitolonda said. “Here, nurses know that if they see a suspected case, they report it.” The INRB will also receive expert assistance from the World Health Organization and Médecins Sans Frontières in responding to Ebola. The primary challenge in the DRC is a lack of resources – a problem that may be exacerbated by President Trump ‘s recent request to cut $252 million in funding for international Ebola relief. Congress must decide within 45 days whether to act on Trump’s request. If they do nothing, as they are wont to do, the funding will remain in place. + INRB Via The Atlantic Images via Wikimedia Commons and Depositphotos

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New Ebola outbreak strikes the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Why Are Healthcare Workers Still Contracting Ebola Despite Their Safety Suits?

October 28, 2014 by  
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Our sister site Ecouterre reported earlier this month that the U.S. government is offering up to $1 million to anyone who can come up with a more effective Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) design to better protect healthcare workers from the Ebola virus. But given that even in an experimental lab setting it has still been possible for workers to contract the virus through workplace accidents , where exactly are the flaws in the current protective measures? Read the rest of Why Are Healthcare Workers Still Contracting Ebola Despite Their Safety Suits? Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: biohazard , catching Ebola , contamination , Ebola , infectious diseases , personal protective equipment , PPE , safety suit , united states , West Africa

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Why Are Healthcare Workers Still Contracting Ebola Despite Their Safety Suits?

Solar-Powered Sunshine Canyon House Rises from a Forest Fire Ashpit with a Gorgeous Rustic Design

October 28, 2014 by  
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Read the rest of Solar-Powered Sunshine Canyon House Rises from a Forest Fire Ashpit with a Gorgeous Rustic Design Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: agriculture , barn doors , boulder , closed cell foam insulation , colorado , daylight , exposed beams , forest fire , gabled roof , house , mining , natural breezes , photovoltaic array , renée del gaudio architecture , rusted steel cladding , rustic materials , sunshine canyon house , triple pane windows

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Solar-Powered Sunshine Canyon House Rises from a Forest Fire Ashpit with a Gorgeous Rustic Design

Stericycle, DOT and CDC help hospitals prepare for Ebola waste

October 23, 2014 by  
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Stericycle, DOT and CDC help hospitals prepare for Ebola waste Janet Howard 7:15am Featured Image:  How do hospitals prepare for the potential Ebola virus waste stream with science-based decision-making and start off with a best management approach to this waste? While this is an emerging topic with evolving practices, the most important resource is The Center for Disease Control and Prevention Web page for interim guidance on the best approaches for protective equipment, segregation, storage, packaging and removal of this Category A infectious material. While this waste stream may not become an issue for most hospitals, preparedness is key. Special process for waste disposal Stericycle , a member of Practice Greenhealth , began working with the CDC and the Department of Transportation in August when the first Ebola case entered the United States. As a result of the collaboration, DOT released a special permit process along with requirements for proper segregation, containment, packaging and removal of this Category A infectious waste to address the needs of Dallas Presbyterian Hospital while maintaining overall public safety. Stericycle, DOT and CDC continue to work together to evaluate the process and prepare to address additional Ebola-related waste needs. At present, each incident is addressed on a case-by-case basis. To prepare for waste disposal, hospital staffers should work with their waste hauler for specific packaging procedures and ensure appropriate supplies are on-hand in the hospital and that their hauler is prepared to manage waste removal and disposal. Additional special permits likely will be required from the Department of Transportation to remove the Category A infections waste (PDF) , a different category from traditional infectious material (Category B). The CDC reports that Ebola requires standard, contact and droplet precautions. It is spread by contact with one or more of the following: infected animals; blood or body fluids (including urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk and semen) of a person sick with Ebola or objects (such as needles and syringes) contaminated with the virus. Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bush meat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only mammals (humans, bats, monkeys and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus. According to the CDC site providing guidance for clinicians, the Ebola virus enters the patient through mucous membranes, breaks in the skin or other parenteral means. It infects many cell types, including monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, hepatocytes, adrenal cortical cells and epithelial cells. The incubation period may be related to the infection route (six days for injection versus 10 days for contact). Ebola virus migrates from the initial infection site to regional lymph nodes and subsequently to the liver, spleen and adrenal gland. The CDC reports on the details regarding personal protective equipment. For waste collection, environmental services staff are recommended to wear, at a minimum, disposable gloves, gown (fluid resistant/ impermeable), eye protection (goggles or face shield) and face mask to protect against direct skin and mucous membrane exposure of cleaning chemicals, contamination and splashes or spatters during environmental cleaning and disinfection activities. Additional barriers (leg covers, shoe covers) should be used as needed. If reusable heavy-duty gloves are used for cleaning and disinfecting, they should be disinfected and kept in the room or anteroom. Be sure staff is instructed in the proper use of personal protective equipment including safe removal to prevent contaminating themselves or others in the process, and that contaminated equipment is disposed of appropriately (included in the Category A waste collection). Any mattresses or pillows that are not covered with an impermeable plastic covering should be treated as Category A infectious waste, as well. Check the CDC website frequently for any updates. The CDC also recommends that any room with a patient on isolation for the Ebola virus should be free of cloth materials such as carpeting, curtains or furniture. EPA-registered hospital disinfectants with a label claim for a non-enveloped virus shall be used on all surfaces and all waste should be collected as Category A regulated medical waste, including reusable linens. Sustainability and infection control Sustainability teams , led by infection control, work together to educate new and existing employees, develop posters, strategically place waste bins and monitor waste segregation practices. According to the Practice Greenhealth Sustainability Benchmark Report , award-winning hospitals average a 9 percent regulated medical waste generation with top performers at a 2.3 percent compared to total waste. With waste fees at least five times more than for solid waste, it’s worth the effort, saving anywhere from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of dollars per year in waste removal and treatment fees. Top image of biohazard symbol by Maxal Tamor via Shutterstock. This article first appeared at CSRwire . Topics:  Virtualization Health Care

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Stericycle, DOT and CDC help hospitals prepare for Ebola waste

U.S. Government to Award $1 Million for Best Ebola Hazmat Suit Design

October 12, 2014 by  
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Photo by Shutterstock The White House has teamed up with USAID, the CDC, and the U.S. Department of Defense to offer a $1 million award for a superior and improved HAZMAT suit design in hopes of better assisting healthcare workers in their fight against Ebola . Due to the humid environments of Ebola-affected countries, current personal protective equipment used by health workers cannot be comfortably worn for long periods of time. Titled ‘ Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge for Development ,’ this crowd sourcing initiative asks innovators across the world to improve the design of protective wear and is accepting proposals from now until December. READ MORE> Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: CDC , crowd sourcing , department of defense , Ebola , fighting ebola a grand challenge for development , hazmat suit , personal protective equipment , unsaid , us government

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U.S. Government to Award $1 Million for Best Ebola Hazmat Suit Design

First Case of Ebola Diagnosed in the United States

October 1, 2014 by  
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For the first time, a patient has been diagnosed with Ebola in the United States. Although patients have been treated in the U.S. before, they had been diagnosed outside of the country and brought to America for treatment. But a Dallas hospital announced today that one patient, who had been traveling abroad, was confirmed with the disease while residing in the country. Missing Attachment Missing Attachment Read the rest of First Case of Ebola Diagnosed in the United States Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: Ebola , Ebola Americans , Ebola in America , Ebola in Dallas , Ebola in Texas , Ebola in the US , Ebola outbreak , Ebola prevention , Ebola spread , Ebola treatment , Liberia Ebola , traveler Ebola , US Ebola diagnosis

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First Case of Ebola Diagnosed in the United States

WHO: World’s Worst Ebola Outbreak Could Affect 20,000 People or More

August 29, 2014 by  
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The World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday that the recent Ebola outbreak that started in March of this year is accelerating at an alarming rate and could affect more than 20,000 people before it is contained. More than 40 percent of the total number of cases have occurred within the past 21 days, as the disease is being transmitted in busy city centers. In response, the WHO has come up with a roadmap that aims to stop transmission of the virus in the next eight to nine months, but warns that that timeline could be delayed due to various uncertainties. Read the rest of WHO: World’s Worst Ebola Outbreak Could Affect 20,000 People or More Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: air france , bans on travel , British Airways , disease , Ebola , ebola containment , Ebola outbreak , ebola transmission , epidemic , guinea , health workers , liberia , nigeria , roadmap , sierra leone , West Africa , World Health Organization

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WHO: World’s Worst Ebola Outbreak Could Affect 20,000 People or More

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