Ten solutions to California’s drought

June 17, 2015 by  
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As California enters the fourth year of the worst drought in the state’s history, NASA estimates that 11 trillion gallons of water will be needed to recover from this arid rut. While Governor Jerry Brown has implemented a series of wide-ranging measures aimed at curbing water usage , there are efforts underway to engineer the state out of its drought. Some are fairly well-tested— desalination, for example —while others, such as William Shatner’s proposed $30 billion Seattle-Lake Mead pipeline , seem straight-up wacky. Read on to learn more about the good, the bad and the weird big-picture ideas for addressing California’s drought . Read the rest of Ten solutions to California’s drought Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: andes water , aqua science , aquifer , Aquifers and Wells , atmospheric water generation , bernard vonnegut , Bottled Water , california agriculture , california drought , carlsbad , chile fog , Climate Change , cloud-seeding , desalination plant , dew harvest , diagram of groundwater , drought solutions , fog catcher , fog collector , geoengineering , geoengineering drought , groundwater , groundwater solutions , hoover dam , how to fix the drought , how to solve california’s drought , how to solve the drought , humidity harvesting , ionization rain , jerry brown , lake mead , nestle california , nevada reservoir , pipelines , rain on request , san bernadino , san diego , San Francisco , Self Filling Water Bottle , silver iodide , solar desalination , Solutions for the CA drought , solutions to California’s drought , Wally Hickel , waste water , wastewater california , wastewater reuse , wastewater reycling , water treatment , WaterFX , weather manipulation , wells , william shatner

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Ten solutions to California’s drought

Largest toxic algae bloom in West Coast history may be linked to climate change

June 17, 2015 by  
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The west coast is awash in the largest toxic algae bloom ever for the region, according to researchers at the University of California at Santa Cruz. The bloom first appeared in May and now stretches from California up the coast to Washington state. The algae produces a neurotoxin called domoic acid that is potentially fatal to humans. Its increasing span and severity is likely to keep people out of the water. Read the rest of Largest toxic algae bloom in West Coast history may be linked to climate change Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: California , domoic acid , Oregon , reasons not to eat fish , red tide , toxic algae bloom , toxic fish , toxic shellfish , u.s. west coast , washington , West Coast

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Largest toxic algae bloom in West Coast history may be linked to climate change

10 solutions to tackle the California drought

May 13, 2015 by  
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As California enters the fourth year of the worst drought in the state’s history, NASA estimates that 11 trillion gallons of water will be needed to recover from this arid rut. While Governor Jerry Brown has implemented a series of wide-ranging measures aimed at curbing water usage , there are efforts underway to engineer the state out of its drought. Some are fairly well-tested— desalination, for example —while others, such as William Shatner’s proposed $30 billion Seattle-Lake Mead pipeline , seem straight-up wacky. Read on to learn more about the good, the bad and the weird big-picture ideas for addressing California’s drought . Read the rest of 10 solutions to tackle the California drought Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: andes water , aqua science , aquifer , Aquifers and Wells , atmospheric water generation , bernard vonnegut , Bottled Water , california agriculture , california drought , carlsbad , chile fog , Climate Change , cloud-seeding , desalination plant , dew harvest , diagram of groundwater , drought solutions , fog catcher , fog collector , geoengineering , geoengineering drought , groundwater , groundwater solutions , hoover dam , how to fix the drought , how to solve california’s drought , how to solve the drought , humidity harvesting , ionization rain , jerry brown , lake mead , nestle california , nevada reservoir , pipelines , rain on request , san bernadino , san diego , San Francisco , Self Filling Water Bottle , silver iodide , solar desalination , Solutions for the CA drought , solutions to California’s drought , Wally Hickel , waste water , wastewater california , wastewater reuse , wastewater reycling , water treatment , WaterFX , weather manipulation , wells , william shatner

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10 solutions to tackle the California drought

Cloud bursting service guarantees sunny wedding photos – for a mere £100,000

February 4, 2015 by  
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People want their wedding days to be perfect, so the big occasion often turns into a massive savings-swallowing event. Now with a new service from UK based firm Oliver’s Travels , if you really want to blow the budget for your big day, you can employ a ‘Cloud Bursting’ service to guarantee every photographic memory is bathed in glorious sunlight! The same technology that has also been used with environmental improvement in mind can now be used to make your big day matrimonial perfection. Read the rest of Cloud bursting service guarantees sunny wedding photos – for a mere £100,000 Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: artificial rain , china controlling rain , cloud-seeding , cloudbursting , france controlling rain , guaranteed sun , sunny weather , weather

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Cloud bursting service guarantees sunny wedding photos – for a mere £100,000

Cloud bursting service guarantees sunny wedding photos – for a mere £100,000

February 4, 2015 by  
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People want their wedding days to be perfect, so the big occasion often turns into a massive savings-swallowing event. Now with a new service from UK based firm Oliver’s Travels , if you really want to blow the budget for your big day, you can employ a ‘Cloud Bursting’ service to guarantee every photographic memory is bathed in glorious sunlight! The same technology that has also been used with environmental improvement in mind can now be used to make your big day matrimonial perfection. Read the rest of Cloud bursting service guarantees sunny wedding photos – for a mere £100,000 Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: artificial rain , china controlling rain , cloud-seeding , cloudbursting , france controlling rain , guaranteed sun , sunny weather , weather

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Cloud bursting service guarantees sunny wedding photos – for a mere £100,000

Cloud Seeding May be Preventing Flooding in Indonesia

February 19, 2013 by  
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Photopixel / Shutterstock Scientists working on a project to slow down the relentless flooding that has swamped Jakarta since mid January say that cloud seeding is getting the job done. Usually used to promote rainfall, cloud seeding might seem like the worst solution to slow floods in Indonesia’s capital, but by scattering salt on rain clouds above the ocean, officials believe they have prevented those clouds from emptying over the city. Read the rest of Cloud Seeding May be Preventing Flooding in Indonesia Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: cloud-seeding , Environment , floods , geo-engineering , indonesia , jakarta , Nature , News , preventing floods , promoting rainfall , slowing down rainfall , Tel Aviv University

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Cloud Seeding May be Preventing Flooding in Indonesia

UK Scientists Suggest ‘Cloud Brightening’ Could Reduce the Severity of Hurricanes

August 24, 2012 by  
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As Hurricane Isaac approaches the Caribbean and is set to continue into the Gulf of Mexico, a team of British scientists from the University of Leeds has proposed that Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB) could—in theory—be used to decrease sea surface temperatures where hurricanes form. The report, published in Atmospheric Science Letters , suggests that this technique could reduce hurricane intensity by one category. Read the rest of UK Scientists Suggest ‘Cloud Brightening’ Could Reduce the Severity of Hurricanes Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: cloud brightening , cloud-seeding , clouds , global warming , hurricane defense , hurricane intensity , hurricanes , marine clouding brightening , sea surface temperature , seeding , Sustainability Features , university of leeds

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UK Scientists Suggest ‘Cloud Brightening’ Could Reduce the Severity of Hurricanes

Chinese Government Says it Will Control Rainfall to Generate 10 Percent More Precipitation by 2015

December 13, 2011 by  
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China ‘s boom in industry and population has put a strain on its natural resources – not to mention the health of the environment – over the past few decades. In order to alleviate the stress of growing crops for an ever-increasing population, the government is intervening with nature by rolling out four regional programs to artificially increase precipitation across the country by 10 percent before 2015. The program, which was included in the newly released 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015), is anticipated to bring in an additional 230 billion cubic meters of precipitation per year. This is on top of the 50 billion China already artificially creates annually in the northeastern province of Jilin. Read the rest of Chinese Government Says it Will Control Rainfall to Generate 10 Percent More Precipitation by 2015 Permalink | Add to del.icio.us | digg Post tags: china , china controlling rain , china farm irrigation , china making rain , china rain , china weather , china weather control , cloud-seeding , controlling mother nature , controlling nature , controlling rain , faux rainfall , man made rainfall , weather control

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Chinese Government Says it Will Control Rainfall to Generate 10 Percent More Precipitation by 2015

Future Perfect: Cloud seeding to end freshwater woes

October 8, 2011 by  
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Munmun Goswami: Cloud seeding Cloud seeding technique to end the drought What’s happening right now? With the growing levels of deforestation and global warming, incidences of drastic weather changes and droughts have been on the increase. Naturally, the sufferings are numerous and the losses immense. The focus thus is to somehow eradicate the water hassle and hurdle and present a prosperous environment. The best way to achieve this is by cloud seeding, better explained as a way to cause rainfall artificially. This method is still in the nascent stages of its application and is largely dependent on natural conditions. There is a particular kind of clouds that can be artificially seeded in order to fasten the process of rainfall and they are thunder clouds. Naturally, it rains only when the rain drops are large and heavy enough to induce a shower. Generally, the densing of these drops takes place by the accumulation of water droplets around an ice nucleus or a tiny particle of ice. Artificially, this process can be induced by spraying silver iodide over clouds. The gush of the gas induces the freezing of water, even when naturally; the process is simply not possible. When ice crystals are formed, they attract the surrounding water droplets and convert them into drops. These drops collide with each other a make an artificial shower. However, there is a limitation. Only thunder clouds can be artificially made to rain. The challenge is to do so since during droughts, when water is most needs, these types of clouds seem to have gone for a long hibernation and return when not much in need. Trends 1. China overdoes cloud seeding to end drought China Cloud Seeding China Cloud Seeding China has been one of the nations that have experimented with this technique. In order to overcome the pounding drought conditions in 2009. 500 sticks of silver iodide, the size of a cigarette stick each were sprayed into clouds, inducing artificial precipitation. The result? Beijing was covered by snow due to excess application of silver iodide and thus an excessive freezing of water particles in the clouds. 2. Cloud Seeding in India Cloud Seeding in India Cloud Seeding in India to end drought Similar as the case in China, India also had felt the crunch of extreme drought conditions in 2009. In order to free the population of the threatening conditions, the Indian government had set out to build up its own cloud seeding methods. But ritualistically, silver iodide was used to induce rainfall. The concept As already discussed in the first section, cloud seeding is the artificial process of inducing rainfall. Going into further depths, the method is traditionally used for two separate purposes. The first motive is to cause artificial rainfalls in order to increase precipitation so as to eradicate drought conditions and protect crops from utter dryness that droughts bring with themselves. The second motive is to reduce the incidence of hail attacks on crops. Hails are destructive for vegetation and they can be stopped by inducing the showering of cloud water before the troposhperic temperature conditions induce the formation of hail. As of the factors on which the successful process of cloud seeding depends, well, there are two of them, the temperature in the clouds and the time when the chemical is being sprayed into them. The temperature has to be appropriate. At temperature lower than -25 degree Celsius inside the clouds, the spraying of silver iodide would induce the formation of snow rather than rain, a similar case to that of China. If, however, the temperature is well above -10 degrees, then the situation does not encourage the sufficient freezing of water to form bigger droplets of water. Time is important because, if the winds are fast blowing, the natural process of precipitation does not have enough time to occur sufficiently. As such, artificial seeding is an appropriate method. If, however, the winds are slow, it is better to let the natural process take over. The advantages As a highly preferred method must have, this method also has considerable advantages, the foremost among them being that seeding lets man overcome drought conditions. Secondly, crops are protected leading to relief to governments and to all individuals who are connected t agriculture in some way or the other. Natural induction of rainfall reduces the requirement of an elaborate irrigation facility which often claim a whole lot of energy input, thus demanding huge fuel consumption. The impact The most potent drawback is that all forms of clouds are not possible to induce to shower by using this method. Secondly, even this artificial method is highly dependent on the natural traits of rainfall, hence it is not of much use during droughts when getting clouds to seed artificially is a challenge in itself. There is no potent damage that silver iodide causes to the environment, so that is not a concern according to some. This point however remains debatable since some researchers believe in the long term effect of silver iodide on the existence of species. The further development in this method through extensive research would also be used to combat super storms and hurricanes by altering the precipitation in the clouds involved.

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Future Perfect: Cloud seeding to end freshwater woes

The Big Question: Can vertical farms end food shortage?

October 8, 2011 by  
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Munmun Goswami: vertical farms vertical farms to meet the shortage of food in the future Why are we asking this now? The world has seen the problem of population explosion in the last few decades like never before. With this, comes the turn to deal with several other nuisances like where to accommodate the ever increasing populace, from where to find employment for most of them and most important, from where to feed such a huge numerical, keeping in mind that most of the forest and agricultural area is slowly being converted into residential area? The remaining plots and scratches of agricultural land are turning barren, increasing the concern regarding food supply. Naturally, there has to be a way out! The only visible path right now is to go for vertical farming just like we went for vertical expansion of architecture to accommodate the increasing population. Is it really that serious? Well, of course, it is. Just imagine how would it be if farms were grown inside buildings and a part of your office construction would be devoted towards growing crops? In addition to reducing space required for farming, this would also partially solve the problem of urban pollution. Everything would go hand in hand. It is estimated that by 2020, the world population would increase by another three billion, naturally the place required to grow crops which would sufficiently feed the population would also be huge. An estimate is that an area 20 percent larger than the present country of Brazil would be required to attend to the cause. So you see? The issue is damn serious and so it its proposed solution. What others are saying? The supporters of this proposition are many. One of the strongest among them is Dickson Despommier, Professor and researcher at the Columbia University. He is strongly of the opinion that while the remaining patches of agricultural land are being squeezed to yield the maximum using artificial fertilisers and unhealthy farming practices, there has to be a way which would stop this. Vertical farming is the only possible solution. Given the benefit of doubt of problems like from where to get sunlight for a vertically overlapping pattern of agriculture and the frequent infe3station by pests, the idea is a bright one and deserves to be given a serious thought. Another supporter is Gene Giacomelli who is the director at the Controlled Environment Agricultural Programme. Along with collaborators, Gene has successfully completed a project which involved growing vegetable and fruits in a building in the Amundsen-Scott research centre in Antarctica. The developments 1. Columbia University vertical farm Columbia University vertical farm Columbia University vertical farm This is only a concept and as yet, has not been even tested out on a pilot scale. However, the estimation is that vegetation consuming a vertical area equivalent to an eighteen storied building would be enough to feed a population of fifty thousand. The one thing that has not been considered in this model is where to rear livestock, if at all horizontal farming is taken over by vertical farming? Cows and pigs cannot be kept straying on an eighty storied building to fill in their shares of fodder. Work and thought regarding this aspect is also on the move. The possibility is, sooner than later, you would possibly come across a building green with vegetation in your very in city, let’s not forget the bleating and lowing cattle. 2. Chris Jacobs’ vertical farm Chris Jacobs’ Vertical Farm Chris Jacobs’ Vertical Farm Chris Jacobs, an architect by profession and an otherwise easy to take on person, by chance involved himself in the green movement of designing vertical farms. In fact, he has been the first person ever to have designed a workable architecture of a true vertical farm. His proposed vertical farming architecture would be a tower with different floors dedicated to different crops and livestock. Energy would be an obvious problem, which he feels could be easily overcome by further research and efforts in this direction. The principle that underlies this idea is that of hydroponics or the technique to raise crops wholly in water rich in micro and macro nutrients without the slightest traces of soil particles. The main hurdles Every new introduction has to face questions. Similar is the case here. The first challenge is to answer how sunlight is going to penetrate the different floors so as to supply the desired wavelengths of light? This would require artificial sources of light. And if at all artificial sources are used, how exactly is this proposition green? The next question is whether the actualisation of this concept at all possible or not. The main reason is, temperature, light and nutrient conditions will have to be critically maintained to get a profitable yield of crops. What can be done? Steps are being taken and answers being found out to these questions. However difficult the explanation might seem to be, the conclusion is just one this proposition will have to turn to reality some day because the expanding world population would have nothing else to live on if this practice is not used. The future is called so because it is unknown. Let’s wait and see how this whole concept is given strong grounds to exist and thrive!

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The Big Question: Can vertical farms end food shortage?

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